email a friend
printable version
São Tomé
Country/Territory São Tomé e Príncipe
Area 860 
Altitude 0 - 2,000m  
Priority critical 
Habitat loss limited 
Knowledge incomplete 

General characteristics 


Restricted-range species 

All the restricted-range species occur in forest and-although a number have adapted to plantations where large shade-trees are retained-several species are primary-forest specialists and four apparently occur only in the lowlands (Bostrychia bocagei, Lanius newtoni, Amaurocichla bocagii, Neospiza concolor, all rediscovered in 1990 and 1991). Further detailed accounts on individual species can be found in Jones and Tye (1988) and Atkinson et al. (1991, 1994a).


Species IUCN Category
Dwarf Ibis (Bostrychia bocagei)  CR 
Sao Tome Olive-pigeon (Columba thomensis)  EN 
Sao Tome Bronze-naped Pigeon (Columba malherbii)  NT 
Sao Tome Green-pigeon (Treron sanctithomae)  VU 
Sao Tome Scops-owl (Otus hartlaubi)  VU 
Sao Tome Spinetail (Zoonavena thomensis)  LC 
Sao Tome Kingfisher (Corythornis thomensis)  LC 
Sao Tome Fiscal (Lanius newtoni)  CR 
Sao Tome Oriole (Oriolus crassirostris)  VU 
Sao Tome Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrochalybeia)  LC 
Sao Tome Prinia (Prinia molleri)  LC 
Sao Tome Short-tail (Amaurocichla bocagei)  VU 
Sao Tome White-eye (Zosterops ficedulinus)  VU 
Black-capped Speirops (Speirops lugubris)  LC 
 (Turdus olivaceofuscus)  NR 
Newton's Sunbird (Nectarinia newtonii)  LC 
Giant Sunbird (Nectarinia thomensis)  VU 
Giant Weaver (Ploceus grandis)  LC 
Sao Tome Weaver (Ploceus sanctithomae)  LC 
Sao Tome Grosbeak (Neospiza concolor)  CR 
Principe Seedeater (Serinus rufobrunneus)  LC 

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)

IBA Code Site Name Country
ST001  São Tomé lowland forests  São Tomé e Príncipe 
ST002  São Tomé montane and cloud-forests  São Tomé e Príncipe 
ST003  São Tomé northern savannas  São Tomé e Príncipe 

Threats and conservation 

The lowlands of S

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Endemic Bird Area factsheet: São Tomé. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife