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Location Portugal, Azores
Central coordinates 25o 13.00' West  37o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 6,083 ha
Altitude 250 - 1,108m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves

Site description This site refers to an extensive inland area of the São Miguel island, including its highest points - Pico da Vara (1.103m), Pico Verde (931m), some valleys and other mountains in the norteast sector of the island. It comprises the only remnant areas of the native laurisilva forest of the island of São Miguel.

Key Biodiversity The only population of the world for the Azorean Bullfinch. Also one of the important sites for the Azorean Wood Pigeon in all the archipelago. Also interesting for several endemic subspecies of passerines, e.g. the Chaffinch, the Goldcrest and the Blackcap.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus resident  2002  common  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Azores Bullfinch Pyrrhula murina resident  2002  238 individuals  good  A1, A2, C1, C2, C6  Endangered 
Island Canary Serinus canaria resident  2002  common  A2, B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Graminhais Nature Reserve 7 unknown 0  
Pico da Vara Nature Reserve 786 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  -
Shrubland   -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations  -
Introduced vegetation   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National:Forestal Nature Reserve Graminhais;Forestal Nature Reserve Pico da Vara,International:Special Protection Area Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme

References Ramos(1995,1996b,1996c)Rodrigues & Nunes (2002)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pico da Vara. Downloaded from on 20/10/2016

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