|Central coordinates||42o 41.00' East 11o 48.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||182 - 1,783m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site consists of woodland habitat on the Goda mountain massif c.30 km west of Tadjoura. Although the name Forêt de Day generally refers only to the high-altitude juniper forest in the area, the lower-altitude wooded areas to the north and east also contain important avifauna and have been included. At upper altitudes, the landscape is rugged, with high plateaus, cliffs and steep mountain slopes, intersected by many wadis. Above c.950 m, the vegetation is dominated by trees of Juniperus procera, with some Olea africana, and an understorey dominated by Buxus hildebranti and/or Tarchonanthus camphoratus. However, the junipers are in regression and B. hildebranti is becoming increasingly dominant, with Acacia seyal also invading. The woodland is interspersed with wooded Acacia grassland and grassland. Below c.950 m, the woodland is dominated by Buxus hildebranti or (particularly at lower altitudes or on better-watered slopes) Terminalia brownii, both mixed with Acacia spp. The wadis are more densely vegetated, with large Ficus spp. and, in a few areas, palm trees. There are several villages within the IBA. The area is used for grazing cattle, camels and goats, and supplies building poles, palm fronds for furniture, and, from the lower slopes, firewood; a number of small market gardens have been created. It is also popular with visitors from Djibouti-ville, and there are three tourist camps and one hotel within the IBA.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Djibouti Francolin Pternistis ochropectus||resident||1999||present||-||A1, A2||Critically Endangered|
|Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-billed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus somaliensis||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Hemprich's Hornbill Lophoceros hemprichii||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Rosy-patched Bush-shrike Rhodophoneus cruentus||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Somali Starling Onychognathus blythii||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Blackstart Cercomela melanura||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Shining Sunbird Nectarinia habessinica||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Rueppell's Weaver Ploceus galbula||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||17%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Extraction of poles for building and palm fronds for furniture; firewood collection.|
Other biodiversity The most important known site for Livistona carinensis (VU) in Djibouti is at Bankoualé, within the IBA. This palm, the sole Livistona species found in Africa and Arabia, is only known to occur in around a dozen sites in Yemen, Somalia and Djibouti. Scattered trees of Dracaena ombet (EN) occur on steep slopes, and Juniperus procera (LR/nt) is common, though declining. The mammals Papio hamadryas (LR/nt), Oreotragus oreotragus (LR/cd), Phacochoerus africanus aeliani (EN) and Otomops martiensseni (VU) also occur.
References Blot (1985, 1986), FAO (1987), Welch and Welch (1984, 1998, 1999), Welch et al. (1986).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Forêt de Day. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2014
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