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Location Turkey, Burdur,Isparta
Central coordinates 30o 13.00' East  37o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 25,090 ha
Altitude 857 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)



Site description A large, stream-fed saline lake (max. depth 110 m) of tectonic origin situated in a closed basin. Extensive alluvial flats lie to the north-east and south-west. The lake is flanked by forested hills and mountains; its near surrounds are under agriculture. To the west of the main lake there is a little freshwater lake, Soganli lake, where White-headed Duck is suspected to breed.

Key Biodiversity The IBA is very important for wintering waterbirds, and is the single most important wintering site for Oxyura leucocephala (over two-thirds of the world wintering population), with large numbers occurring throughout the year except during the breeding season.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus winter  5-51 individuals  B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea non-breeding  606-1,889 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope winter  1987  6,000 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Teal Anas crecca winter  1987  20,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1995  750-2,814 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  1995  13,738-57,555 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  1997  2-3 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  1,314-10,927 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Endangered 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis winter  2000  6,141 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis passage  16,661-25,280 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus passage  1,217-6,500 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia passage  2001  155 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus passage  2001  2,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra passage  300,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  36,413-138,925 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  20-30 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1999  23,995-202,119 individuals  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2011 very high very unfavourable medium
Population
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  22800 15300 68 moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable

Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan 18 3 - 17 very unfavourable
Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck 309 898 - 100 favourable
Mareca penelope Eurasian Wigeon 575 176 - 31 very unfavourable
Anas crecca Common Teal 498 910 - 100 favourable
Netta rufina Red-crested Pochard 440 16 - 4 very unfavourable
Aythya ferina Common Pochard 10108 84 - 1 very unfavourable
Oxyura leucocephala White-headed Duck 2855 1250 - 44 unfavourable
Tachybaptus ruficollis Little Grebe 393 2 - 1 very unfavourable
Podiceps cristatus Great Crested Grebe 55 7 - 13 very unfavourable
Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe 878 93 - 11 very unfavourable
Fulica atra Common Coot 50168 4301 - 9 very unfavourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 354 372 - 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Burdur Golu GR Game Reserve 38,125 protected area contains site 25,090  
Lake Burdur Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 24,800 protected area contained by site 24,800  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing brackish and salt water; Water fringe vegetation  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport 10%
not utilised 90%

Protection status National High International High23,700 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Burdur Gölu;, 38,125 ha). 23,700 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Burdur Gölu;, 23,700 ha). The boundaries of the Ramsar site exclude the freshwater Soganli lake to the west of the IBA where White-headed Duck is suspected to breed.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Burdur Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014

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