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Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 17,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 18,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.4 - - -
Trend justification: The species has suffered slight declines locally owing to persecution and collecting of eggs and chicks for falconry (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Algeria Native Extant       Yes
Angola Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Benin Native Extant       Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant       Yes
Botswana Native Extant       Yes
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes      
Burkina Faso Native Extant       Yes
Burundi Native Extant       Yes
Cameroon Native Extant       Yes
Central African Republic Native Extant       Yes
Chad Native Extant       Yes
Congo Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant       Yes
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant       Yes
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Djibouti Native Extant       Yes
Egypt Native Extant       Yes
Eritrea Native Extant       Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant       Yes
France Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Gabon Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Gambia Native Extant       Yes
Georgia Native Extant       Yes
Ghana Native Extant       Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Guinea Native Extant       Yes
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant       Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Israel Native Extant       Yes
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Native Extant       Yes
Kenya Native Extant       Yes
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Lesotho Native Extant       Yes
Liberia Native Extant       Yes
Libya Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malawi Native Extant       Yes
Mali Native Extant       Yes
Malta Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Mauritania Native Extant       Yes
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant       Yes
Mozambique Native Extant       Yes
Namibia Native Extant       Yes
Niger Native Extant       Yes
Nigeria Native Extant       Yes
Oman Native Extant   Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Qatar Unknown Extant        
Romania Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Rwanda Native Extant       Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant       Yes
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Sierra Leone Native Extant       Yes
Slovakia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Somalia Native Extant       Yes
South Africa Native Extant       Yes
South Sudan Native Extant Yes Yes    
Spain Native Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant     Yes  
Tanzania Native Extant       Yes
Togo Native Extant       Yes
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Uganda Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant       Yes
Zambia Native Extant       Yes
Zimbabwe Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinous gorge site factsheet
Greece Central Rodos and the areas of Lindos, Mesanagros and Katavia-Prassonisi site factsheet
Greece Kalamaki gorge-Mount Zarkou site factsheet
Greece Kerketion mountain (Koziakas) site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas) site factsheet
Greece Mount Itamos site factsheet
Greece Mount Othrys site factsheet
Greece Mount Vourinos site factsheet
Greece Mounts Kato Olympos and Ossa, and Tembi ravine site factsheet
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas site factsheet
Greece Rodopos peninsula site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Israel Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands site factsheet
Israel Judean desert site factsheet
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains site factsheet
Israel Western Negev site factsheet
Italy Abruzzo National Park site factsheet
Italy Agri Valley site factsheet
Italy Alburni mountains site factsheet
Italy Alto Ionio Cosentino site factsheet
Italy Colfiorito site factsheet
Italy Crete Senesi site factsheet
Italy Daunia mountains site factsheet
Italy Dolomiti di Pietrapertosa site factsheet
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains site factsheet
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands site factsheet
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains site factsheet
Italy Gravine site factsheet
Italy Lucretili mountains site factsheet
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains site factsheet
Italy Marchesato and River Neto site factsheet
Italy Matese site factsheet
Italy Mount Cervati site factsheet
Italy Mount Cofano, Cape San Vito and Mount Sparagio site factsheet
Italy Murge site factsheet
Italy Nebrodi site factsheet
Italy Sibillini mountains site factsheet
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains site factsheet
Jordan Burqu' site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Mariovo site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Osogovo Mountains site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Tikvesh Region site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jericho site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness site factsheet
Syria Jabal al-Bilas site factsheet
Syria Tadmur desert and mountains site factsheet
Turkey Alaçatı site factsheet
Turkey Bolkar Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Valley site factsheet
Yemen Al-Murah site factsheet
Yemen High mountains of Ibb site factsheet
Yemen Jabal Sumarah site factsheet
Yemen Ma'rib - Naqil Fardah - Baraqish site factsheet
Yemen Ta'izz wadis site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Desert Hot suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 5000 m


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2015) Species factsheet: Falco biarmicus. Downloaded from on 10/10/2015. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2015) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 10/10/2015.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Falconidae (Falcons, Caracaras)
Species name author Temminck, 1825
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 17,900,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change
- 2015 European Red List assessment